From the perspective of cognitive psychology, how does the seemingly powerful people analyze the problem?

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From the perspective of cognitive psychology, there are people who are not born in this world, but their unique way of thinking has created their “powerful”.

We have to realize how they analyze the problem?

Why are you busy with all kinds of trivial matters?

Why do you obviously work hard but still can’t get what you want?

In fact, compared to analyzing these issues,


First of all, you must have the ability to “find problems”.

Xiao Li worked at a emotional psychological counseling company and served as a video editing of the new media department. Their company mainly attracts consultants through offline publicity and online advertising. The company is small in size and has been established for less than half a year.

Xiao Li’s main task is to compile the secondary editing of the video data provided by the team leader, and then submit it according to the amount.

Here are the dialogue between him and the team leader:

Team leader: Xiao Li, I have seen these videos you recently edited, and the background data has been watched, and it seems a bit stagnant.

Xiao Li: Really? But isn’t the playback volume higher and higher?

Team leader: However, the growth rate seems to slow down … it is much lower than our original plan.

Xiao Li: Oh, it seems like this.

In this conversation, it is not difficult to find that the biggest problem of Xiao Li is

No change in growth rate

Whether it is the change in the amount of playback or the changes in other factors, the most critical point of finding the problem is that it is sensitive to changes.

Why do we generally lack the ability to find problems in modern society? Because from the school days, almost all problems are provided by others to provide us, and those so -called outstanding students can only be solved effectively on the problems raised by teachers.

The contradiction between the problem is that in actual work, few supervisors will treat subordinates like teachers arrange homework.

In fact, whether the problem is self -discovery or provided by others, they all have a common point:

It is necessary to formulate a solution strategy and put into action to solve it.

In our lives, there are always various problems to be solved, such as:

“What to eat for dinner?”

“I want to buy a new car”

Obviously, the problem of buying a car is more difficult to solve. His difficulty is that the ideal situation is set too high, and some people may start giving up before they work, but the setting is too low, but it cannot make a challenge. Passion.

In real life, few people will take dinner what to eat as a difficult problem.

So, what is the essence of the problem?

The book “McKinsey’s Problem Analysis and Solution” pointed out,

The essence of the problem is: the gap between the situation and the status quo. The bigger the gap, the more serious the problem.

From this picture, we can find that there are two factors that lead to the occurrence of the problem.

Either your goal (the situation of expectation) or your current situation. Only by eliminating the gap between the two can the problem solve the problem.


So how to analyze these two factors?


First, judge whether your goal is reasonable.

I often hear someone say: I want to travel; I want to learn a musical instrument; I want to lose weight. The biggest problem with these goals is space pan, and it is not specific.

Where do you go to travel? Domestic or abroad? How can I learn a musical instrument? Will you play a song or do you take a certificate? How much to lose weight is successful?


If there is a lack of a testable standard, then you can’t measure whether the goal is completed at all, is it completed 60 % or 30 %? When raising this goal, it is destined that the problem cannot be resolved.

To measure whether a goal is reasonable, it can be analyzed one by one from the five aspects of the SMART principle. It includes: specific, measured, metable, correlation, and time limit.

Finally, analyze the status quo.

This can be analyzed by the anti -questioning method, and the reason behind the status quo is constantly questioning.


“Why are you so fat?”

“I didn’t get fat, but I just ate more recently?”

“Why do you eat so much at night?”

“Because you can order takeaway, you can send it to me.”

“Why do you order takeaway?”


“Because I can’t sleep in the middle of the night, I want to eat.”

It turned out to be your obesity because you couldn’t sleep. Next, you may adjust your schedule and let yourself go to bed early.

It is not difficult to find that as long as you find a deeper point, you will understand whether your current situation can be changed.

If the status quo can be changed and the target setting is more reasonable, the problem will eventually be resolved.

Finally, we can summarize the process of analyzing the problem as the following points:

• The premise of analyzing problems: have the ability to “discover problems”.

• Common point of the problem: need to formulate a solution strategy and put it into action to solve it.

• The essence of the problem: the gap between the situation and the status quo.

• Conditions of problem solving: reasonable goals + transformable status.

How do people who seem powerful analyze the problem? To sum up, there are four processes. Through these processes, they can get more accurate conclusions than ordinary people.

-The end-

Author | Magic little

The first psychological masterpiece | A group of young people who like to look up at the starry sky

Reference materials: Madrid, H. P. (2020). Leader Affective Presence and Feedback in Teams. Frontiers in psychology, 11.

WeChat public account: first psychology