When Chairman Mao saw brown leather shoes in front of the guests, Luo Ruiqing said that he changed black. Chairman: Why do you wear black?


In 1956, Chairman Mao wore a pair of brown leather shoes before he was preparing to meet Indonesian President Suparo. After seeing this, he suggested that Chairman Mao changed a pair of black leather shoes.

Regarding Luo Ruiqing’s suggestion, Chairman Mao did not accept it and still insisted on wearing the brown leather shoes that have followed him for many years.

Since then, no one dares to mention the color of the leather shoes to Chairman Mao, and Chairman Mao has always wore those brown leather shoes.

So why did Luo Ruiqing suggest that Chairman Mao replaced it with black leather shoes? Why did Chairman Mao refuse to wear black leather shoes? How did Chairman Mao reply about Luo Ruiqing’s suggestion?


The conditions of the Anti -Japanese War were difficult. Chairman Mao was worn, and even the style of the coat was no different from the ordinary soldiers.

When entering Beijing, Chairman Mao was preparing to meet with Democrats such as Shen Junru and Li Jishen. In order to show respect for the guests, Chairman Mao asked the guard Li Yinqiao to find a slightly good clothes.

After turning over the box, Li Yinqiao did not find a “getting a hand” clothes, and he was very anxious for this.

However, Chairman Mao patted his shoulder and said comfortably, “No, I don’t think they will care too much.”

In this way, Chairman Mao cordially met Shen Junru and others, but what made people feel sad is that Chairman Mao was still wearing clothes with patch.



In fact, most Chairman Mao’s clothes are patch on, and such clothes are more before liberation.

After liberation, the coat with patch was slightly reduced, while the patch was as before, and even patch patch.

In contrast, Jiang Qing’s handicraft work is better. She can make the patch exquisite and neat, while others have a variety of people: blue cloth heads, yellow cloth heads, and gray heads. The appropriate cloth head is replaced by medical gauze.

In this regard, Chairman Mao was accustomed to it, and he said, “My standard is not to expose flesh or wind.”

Chairman Mao, Li Yinqiao and Han Guixin

On one occasion, Han Guixin made up a shirt for Chairman Mao. Because the shirt was worn for too long, Han Guixin accidentally took a small hole on the shirt. She looked carefully and found that the shirt was covered with patch.


Han Guixin hurriedly met Chairman Mao, and suggested that Chairman Mao changed a new shirt, but Chairman Mao said with consolation: “Xiao Han, trouble you, we are still difficult now, everything is for it, saving a little. Thank you.”

Han Guixin was moved by Chairman Mao’s words. She returned to the room and picked up the needle line again. This time, she needed to be more careful, because a little careless, there would be more holes.



During the war, Chairman Mao said: “I save a piece of clothes, and the soldiers in front can have an extra bullet.”

During the peaceful age, Chairman Mao also said: “When there is no condition to pay attention to, this one is good. The economic development, the conditions are still restricting himself, this one is difficult to do. What do you do. “

What makes people feel respectful and distressed is that Chairman Mao did do this “difficult thing”.

Before liberation, Chairman Mao had a lot of contact with ordinary people, and relatively few diplomatic visits, so he did not care about the patch of different colors and shapes on the clothes.

After liberation, the organization considers that Chairman Mao often meets the foreign guests, so he is advised to reduce wearing patch clothes.


For the organization’s suggestions, Chairman Mao also adopted it, but he still insisted on the habit of arduous and simple in the past, but only “particular” in the patch, that is, try to choose the fabric that is similar to the color of the clothes when patching; patch the patch; patch; The shape of the shape is as neat as possible.


Chairman Mao said, “Find a good cloth to help me cooperate with it. The coat must be shown for outsiders, which is too dazzling to be impolite to others.”


Although the coat is slightly “particular”, the patch of the clothes has not decreased.

On one occasion, Chairman Mao accidentally pulled out a large mouth behind the clothes when he was wearing a shirt. The guardian said, “The shirt is Zhang Da’s mouth!”


Chairman Mao carefully put away the shirt and said with a smile: “Put it after gap.”


In this way, the shirt reached the staff of the staff to sew, and after completing it, it could be seen clearly that the back of the shirt was sewn and a large cloth was sewn.

A few days later, when Chairman Mao saw this replenishment shirt when he changed his shirt, he said happily: “The needle line is not bad!” Then he told: “This shirt is valuable, without my consent, without my consent No one can throw it away. “


It can be supplemented by the unrequnted places on the shirt. The collar and sleeves of the shirt will affect the beauty, so Chairman Mao began to wear “false collar” and “false sleeves”.

When it comes to the “false collar”, it is estimated that many young friends have never seen it, and the author has only seen his father passing by his father during his youth.

It was once in winter. My father buckled a “fake collar” on the sweater. It was like wearing a shirt on his body.

However, the reason why his father worn like this is more for frugality, and the same is true of wearing “false sleeves”.

When the staff sorted out Chairman Mao’s relics, many “false collar” and “fake sleeves” were found, and these “false collar” and “false sleeves” were designed when they were specially met with Chairman Mao because of the use They can greatly save fabrics, which is in line with Chairman Mao’s frugal habits.



However, there is another important reason for Chairman Mao to use the “false collar” and “fake sleeves”, that is, Chairman Mao’s arrangement of time is very close. In order to save the time of changing clothes before seeing foreign guests, he often uses this way of wear.

Under normal circumstances, 20 minutes before the arrival of the foreign guests, Chairman Mao began to prepare: the hairdresser sorted out his hair; put on “false collar” and “false sleeves”; put on gray Zhongshan outfit; put on brown leather shoes …

After the preparation, Chairman Mao after the replacement highlighted his tall and free leader.

It can be said that “false collar” and “false sleeves” typically reflect the characteristics of Chairman Mao’s life in his later years, and it is also one of the most impressive places in dress.

However, in the years before Chairman Mao’s death, he could not go out to inspect. Many times he sat in bed reading and work, and his leather shoes, Zhongshan costumes and “fake collars” and “fake sleeves” rarely worn again. Essence


In addition to the “false collar” and “false sleeves” of Chairman Mao’s relics, there are a few pairs of cloth shoes. They are thick crushing bottoms, elliptical shoes, and accompany Chairman Mao for many years.

In the winter of 1937, Yanan was extremely cold. One night, Chairman Mao was writing “On the Live War” in the room. Suddenly, the guards outside the door smelled a burnt.

The guard quickly rushed into the house and saw Chairman Mao being shooting a smoky cloth shoes. The guard said, “I’ll ask someone to make a double new shoes for you.”

Chairman Mao smiled and said, “Don’t you burn a hole, you can wear it. Moreover, the people of Yan’an are very bitter, and we cannot add a burden to them!”

A few days later, Chairman Mao put on this pair of supplemented cloth shoes again. He said relieved: “It is very good, where can I see it!”


Soon after entering Beijing, the staff knew that Chairman Mao liked to wear cloth shoes, so they specially asked the masters of the “Inner Lianlian” shoe store to make a few pairs of cloth shoes for Chairman Mao. It is made by the “Inner Lianlian”.

In addition, the staff also occasionally invited a lady to make shoes from the suburbs of Beijing, because the cloth shoes she made by hand were particularly comfortable, and Chairman Mao also liked it very much.

In February 1972, US President Nixon visited China. At this time, Chairman Mao’s feet were a little swollen, and the cloth shoes made before could not be worn. To this end, the staff quickly came to the “Inner Liansheng” shoe store and made a pair of large cloth shoes for Chairman Mao in the shortest time.


In the choice of cloth shoes and leather shoes, Chairman Mao is more inclined to cloth shoes. On weekdays, he went out and visited the guests. Most of the time he wore cloth shoes.

However, Chairman Mao did not wear cloth shoes on all occasions, and when he was wearing leather shoes, he just wearing leather shoes had his own preference.

First of all, Chairman Mao does not like to wear new leather shoes. Because the new leather shoes are hard and it is not comfortable to wear, the staff will find a way to soften the new leather shoes and then wear it to Chairman Mao.

Most of the time, the staff will wear new leather shoes for a while. After the shoes are softened, they will be handed over to Chairman Mao to wear, and Chairman Mao is not old, but is very happy for this.

Secondly, in the choice of leather shoes, Chairman Mao is more willing to wear brown leather shoes.

At the founding ceremony on October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao was wearing a pair of brown leather shoes, and these shoes have always accompanied Chairman Mao to meet the VIPs of many countries.

On one occasion, the organization specially prepared a pair of black leather shoes for Chairman Mao, but he was rejected by Chairman Mao. He said humorously: “Want the guests to see me Mao Zedong or my leather shoes?”


Chairman Mao and Sugnano


In 1956, Chairman Mao was preparing to meet Indonesian President Sugnino in the Zhongnanhai Qinzheng Hall. Before the meeting, Chairman Mao was accompanied by the Minister of Public Security Luo Ruiqing to the Qinzheng Hall for inspection and arrangement.

When Chairman Mao greeted the staff while walking, suddenly, Chairman Mao stopped in front of a radio. He looked carefully and asked, “Where did this produce?”


“Germany.” The staff replied.


Chairman Mao frowned and continued to ask, “Why do you put foreign countries? China can also produce radios!”


Immediately afterwards, Luo Ruiqing discovered that Chairman Mao wore a pair of brown leather shoes and said, “Chairman, you still change a pair of black leather shoes!”

Chairman Mao looked down at Luo Ruiqing’s black leather shoes and asked, “Why do you wear black?”

“According to foreign practice …” Luo Ruiqing replied.

“Why do you follow the foreign country?” Chairman Mao interrupted Luo Ruiqing’s words, gently stomped his brown leather shoes, and continued: “We Chinese have to wear it according to the Chinese habit!”

Luo Ruiqing’s suggestion, Chairman Mao did not adopt, and still wore those brown leather shoes to meet Sugnino, and no one has since been in the front of Chairman Mao’s premise and the color of the leather shoes.

Chairman Mao meets Nixon

Until a few years before Chairman Mao’s death, due to physical reasons, he wore leather shoes less when he saw foreign guests.

It can be said that in terms of shoes, Chairman Mao does not pursue brand and style, nor does it want to follow up and follow the so -called Western “regulations”. He only seek comfort and avoid waste.

So, in addition to having their own preferences in wearing shoes, Chairman Mao has a unique style in the format?



After the establishment of the New China, Zhongshan Installation was designated as the “national service” of our country. Generally, Chairman Mao and other leaders will wear Zhongshan outfit on formal occasions, and most of Chairman Mao’s Zhongshan dress is made by a tailoring named Tian A Tong. When Chairman Mao put on the Zhongshan outfit made by Tian A Tong, the original body’s body was more upright and more attractive.

As a result, Chairman Mao deliberately put on a photo of Zhongshan made by Tian A Tong. This photo is the world -renowned photo we saw in front of Tiananmen.

For Zhongshan costumes, Chairman Mao only recognizes gray. Spring and autumn are mainly gray, and in winter, dark gray is the main. No matter what occasions attended, Chairman Mao almost wore a gray Zhongshan dress, and this is rare in the world’s diplomatic politics.

On one occasion, the staff of Libin Division claimed that he made a black Zhongshan dress for Chairman Mao. After seeing Chairman Mao, he was very angry and said, “Why do you make black?”

“Chairman, this is specially customized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, saying it is in accordance with international practice.” The staff quickly explained.

“Why should I wear foreigners? I am Chinese, I want to wear it according to Chinese habits …” Hearing the staff’s answer, Chairman Mao was even more unhappy.

From this time, no one dared to change the colors and styles of Zhongshan clothes without authorization; without the permission of Chairman Mao, no one dared to make new clothes for him.


Chairman Mao is the soul of the diplomacy of the Republic. In terms of formal dress, he has a unique style: advocating freedom, respecting Chinese traditions, and pursuing comfort. The gray Zhongshan dress he likes is in line with his solemn, elegant, and natural leader temperament. It shows his magnificent and approachable great people.

At the same time, Chairman Mao also has a unique charm in treating people. Every time he associates with others, he will make people feel kind and humorous. He talks to others not only the wonderful words and vivid images, but also can always take the overall situation and weightlifting. Left a deep impression.

At the eight conferences of the Communist Party of China held in September 1956, Chairman Mao wore a set of gray Zhongshan outfit with Chinese characteristics. In the international situation where the Soviet Union and China were getting far away at that time, the gray Zhongshan costume represented the image of the oriental powers and demonstrated the Chinese self -improvement and self -confidence.


In the past few years, Chairman Mao always wore a gray Zhongshan dress to attend various occasions, leaving a deep impression on the Chinese and foreign guests, so some people call it “Mao Mountain Costume”.

It can be said that Chairman Mao had a good pretend to have a good pretend to be in Zhongshan. Although the design concept of Zhongshan dress was proposed by Sun Yat -sen, Zhongshan suit became famous for Chairman Mao’s love and dress.

In addition, Lenin has a unique style in dress. Simple suits, static shoulders, and signature hats have become Lenin’s dress symbols, and his top hat has become a symbol of the victory of Bolshevik after many years;

Former Cuban leader Castro has always appeared in the eyes of the world in the world of Flunch -style military uniforms. His unique dress successfully shaped his “tough guy” image that he did not fear the American imperialist power;

Former Palestine President Arafat’s head is always wearing black and white lattice headscarves, and his costume also shows his determination to always safeguard national interests and defend Palestine;


Former Afghanistan leader Carlzy embroidered the logos of various tribes on his own cloak. This move completely changed the international view of Afghanians and played a positive role in the unity of the nation.

It can be said that in a special period and special international environment, the meaning of clothing comes from its hints, awakening and persistence on its national dignity and position. It has naturally become a symbol of political stance.


In the early 1970s, a set of Zhongshan outfits that Chairman Mao often worn was severely worn and covered with thick tattoo patch. The staff suggested to replace the new one several times, but Chairman Mao never agreed.

It didn’t take long for the rose patch to wear out again, and the clothes could no longer be replenished. The staff said to Chairman Mao sincerely: “Chairman, you see, you will be ugly when you wear it.”

Chairman Mao took over his clothes, looked and looked, touched and touched, and comforted the staff and said, “I can’t sit up, I won’t be ugly.”


Hearing Chairman Mao’s words, the staff’s eyes were instantly wet … They watched the old man reviewing the back of the document under the light, and he felt sad.

In his later years, Mao Zedong was often wearing pajamas due to the torture of the disease and lying on the bed all day.

However, there are important meetings, Chairman Mao will still support it, and every time you meet, the staff will take out the gray Zhongshan outfit from the closet.

Chairman Mao met with Buto

In May 1976, Pakistani Prime Minister Buto visited China. In the days of visiting China, Buto has been waiting for Chairman Mao to meet. However, at this time, Chairman Mao’s physical condition was very poor and could not stand.

Before returning to the country, Buto once again asked Chairman Mao’s request, and Chairman Mao nodded and agreed.

Immediately, Chairman Mao endured the pain and put on the gray Zhongshan outfit, and Buto became the last foreign guest who met by Chairman Mao in this life.

In September 1976, Chairman Mao resigned with the world. The staff replaced his pajamas with tears and put on the set of his favorite gray Zhongshan outfit.

Chairman Mao lying quietly on the wooden bed he liked to sleep most, it seemed so peaceful and serene.

According to the preferences of Chairman Mao’s lifetime, Tian Atong chose fabrics with pure hair, silk, cotton, and no chemical fiber, and carefully made the last set of clothes for Chairman Mao in tears. The set of Zhongshan outfit in the crystal palace when the great man’s legacy.


The life of Chairman Mao is a difficult and simple life.

The bedroom of the house is placed with a shelf bed, cabinet, a coarse mosquito net, a printed quilt, a blue quilt, a desk, a tung oil lamp on the wall.

In the bedroom of Zhongnanhai, there are wooden beds and pillows filled with patch; two pajamas made of towels have 67 patchs, one with 59 patch; a pair of slippers with bottoming bottom; Cutriber bamboo sticks …

From Shaoshan rushing to the mountain village teenager, to the national leaders of Beijing Zhongnanhai, in more than half a century, Chairman Mao’s frugal habits have never changed, and the family’s influence and school education and revolutionary melting furnaces are refined. It is undoubtedly the main reason and motivation for Chairman Mao’s frugality in his life, and it is also the main reason and motivation for Chairman Mao. At the same time, it is also a portrayal of Chairman Mao’s life from growth, talent to achievement, and glory.

There is no doubt that Chairman Mao is the most frugal national leader among many great men in the world.

However, Chairman Mao’s body does not need luxurious clothes to decorate, and he will always shine in our hearts.


The times are changing, but the tradition of frugality will never change.

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