Talking about the Line Edition Mao Mao’s Poetry Collection

There are many versions of Chairman Mao’s poems. According to the current data estimated by the author, there are more than 1,200 species of domestic publishing houses. There are more than 600 species of the Cultural Revolution. All local and publishers, various texts, various types of decoration, various types of openings, paper, printing, fonts, typesetting, etc., are endless and overwhelmed. That is, such an era, such people, and so many publishers have created a miracle in the history of poetry printing. In the face of this complicated version, it is necessary to say that it is not what I can wait for, the author can only go back to light. Talk about the line installation version of Chairman Mao’s poems. Chairman Mao loves the “red outfit” of “extra enchantment” throughout his life. There are countless red treasure books printed during his lifetime, but he has changed from time to time. Most of them are blue rice paper. Although “vegetarian wrap” has less passion and fanaticism, not very bright, it feels calm and peaceful.


The earliest collection of poems was the “Nineteen Poems of Chairman Mao” published by the People’s Literature Publishing House in July 1958. It included 19 Mao Zedong poems published from October 1957 to May 1958, except for 18 published in Poetry. In addition to the first, Mao Zedong’s newly filled in “Butterfly Love Flower · Answers Li Shuyi” in 1957. This book is 25, a booklet, red -faced line. In September, cultural relics publishing houses also published lines for engraving. On October 3 of the same year, after the “People’s Daily” published “Sending the Plague God”, the Cultural Relics Publishing House closed these two poems into the “Nineteen” in September the following year, published “Chairman Mao Poetry 21st head”. This is the three main versions of Chairman Mao’s poetry line. It’s hard to collect it now.

In December 1963, in order to celebrate the 70th birthday of Mao Zedong, the People’s Literature Publishing House was launched in four types of “Poems of Mao” with lines of paper, woolen paper, tidal -fitting A, and tidal. The title is Guo Moruo’s hand book. The cover is white, and the plum blossoms are faintly seen. The “63rd version” is an extremely important version of Mao Zedong’s poems. Its preciousness is that it is the first collection of poems that Mao Zedong personally made with a concluding poem, and it is also the most important collection of poems published by Mao. Earlier, the publishing house compiled some poems and poems published in the publication. Without a full school, the number of poems of Mao’s lifetime was far from being composed. The “63rd Edition” was edited by Mao Qin. At this time, Mao Zedong was 70 years old. Maybe he realized that he needed to make a summary of his poetry creation and bring together his more satisfactory works (especially in the 1950s and 1960s). Get up and make a school for published poems. Since the “63rd edition” came out, Mao Zedong has not made great efforts to compose his own collection of poems. Mao Zedong adopted a very prudent attitude towards editing and publishing the “Six or Three Editions”. He not only carefully selected the chapter, but also included: punctuation, words, writing time, and the original work …, carefully booking the published works, and taking the mass line, please help some comrades to help. Some time before the official publication, a sealing opinion was printed to a minority comrades. After more than a month, I personally listed a list of more than 20 people. (Entrusted with the symposium), let them commented on the works that are planned to be included. Twenty -three opinions of Zang Kejia, 13 of them were adopted by Chairman Mao. Mao Zedong also attaches great importance to the decoration design of the collection of poetry. It is said that at the time, dozens of covers, Mao Zedong liked plum blossoms.

The number of “63 -year edition” is large and has a long popular time. The first printed packets printed by People’s Literature Publishing House reached 500,000 copies. Shortly after the release, a large number of printing. The 6th printing in May 1966, the cumulative printing has reached 4 million copies. During the ten -year turmoil, the “63 version” was printed in various openings and pretending to be printed in large quantities. The “63rd Edition” is the one with the largest number of poems and the largest circulation in Mao Zedong’s poems. It has played a very important role in the history of Mao Zedong’s poems.

While the People’s Literature Publishing House published “Chairman Mao’s Poetry”, cultural relics Publishing House also published the “37th Poems of Chairman Mao” in the three types of “Chairman Mao” in the edition of the Cultural Relics Publishing House. , Edition is divided into 7 lines, 15 words per line. The annotations are used in small characters. The font is collected from the “Mr. Rose Ghost Ghost’s Collection” in Song and Zhejiang. National traditional characteristics.

In January 1976, the People’s Literature Publishing House compiled the two newly published Mao Zedong poems with the original 37 songs. The new version of “Chairman Mao Poetry” was published in two decorations of hardcover and peaceful decoration. The row is changed to horizontal row. In the same month, the Cultural Relics Publishing House also published the “39th Poems of Chairman Mao” with two types of open and 20 opened. In August of the following year, Shanghai Painting and Calligraphy Publishing House carved “Thirty -nine Psalm of Mao’s Poems”. The content was the same, but it was more open.


From the early 1980s to the end of the 1990s, personal worship cools down. The published poems published by Mao gradually improved, and the publishing pursuit was large and complete. For example, in 1986, the People’s Literature Publishing House published the “Mao Zedong Poetry Poetry Moral Poetry lyrics that included 50 poems. Selected “(Notebook). In 1996, the Central Literature Publishing House published the latest version of “Mao Zedong Poetry Collection”, collecting 67 Mao Zedong poems.


After that, the more important line installation version is the “Mao Zedong Poetry Sixty -seven” by the Cultural Relics Publishing House in July 1999 Publishing House. Most of the seventeen songs are issued publicly in public publications, which is the most comprehensive version to date. Can be a testimony of Chairman Mao’s poems. In January 2001, Jiangsu Ancient Books Publishing House published a set of “Mao Zedong Poetry Sixty -seven” in muddy character prints, which were the same as cultural relics publishing house.

At this point, most of the important versions of Chairman Mao’s poems and lines have been introduced.

From this we can see that the contents of the various lines of Chairman Mao’s poems are from less to more, from the original 18 to 21, to 27, 37, 39, 50, and 67. Among them, the earliest published was the Line Edition of the People’s Literature Publishing House in July 1958. The largest distribution was the “Poems of Chairman Mao” in the December 1963 version of the People’s Literature, which were printed 6 times before and after, with a cumulative number of 4 million copies.


Mao Zedong’s poems are large and magnificent. There is a kind of king. His common words are: small, vast, reckless, and tangling. Thinking of the world and the earth, the mountains and rivers, the number of descriptions, the number of descriptions is thousands, or 100,000. These words are a kind of “sweeping the world, giving up in the world, and the meaning of the four seas”, making people feel magnificent. Such as “Qinyuanchun · Changsha”, “Qinyuanchun · Xue”, etc. This is similar to Cao Cao’s “Viewing the Sea”, one is “independent cold autumn, the Xiangjiang River goes north”, and the other is “the east of the vermiculite to watch the sea.”


Mao Zedong wrote poetry lyrics to use Bixing. In his letter to Chen Yi, he once said that he was poetry. It is a master who makes good use of Bixing. Li He is known as “ghost talents”. Because he has a strange word, weird and cool, there are many sophisticated, strange and original Bixing sentences. Mao Zedong is also. There are mostly poems, “Bear, Tiger Leopard, Canglong, Turtle Snake, Tiger Snake, Mosquito, Fly, Fly, Kunji, Revoa”, etc., because Mao’s poems are mostly political poems, it is exactly in line with it. The characteristics of Chairman Mao’s poems, politics is not straightforward, and must be “better than this thing” and “a procharous thing to cause the chanting words.”

On the contrary, the “Jiaolan” as a positive symbol is another feature of his poems: the word “red” is easy to use. According to the author’s rough statistics, Chairman Mao left forty -one descendants’ future generations. Poetry, there are as many as nineteen poems with “red” (red), accounting for nearly 50 % of all poetry works. It can be seen that the “red” color in its life. Ancient poets also used the word “red” a lot, but most of the “red” characters have fateful colors, which often conveyed to readers’ sorrows that can never be solved, such as: “The green and sorrowful red from the spring, the heart of the heart, the heart Everything is “Liu Yong’s” Dingwu “,” Wanli East Wind, the Mountains and Rivers of the country are red “Zhu Dunru’s” Danzhua Lanhua “,” Tears asking flowers and blossoms, flying over the autumn thousands of autumn. ” Waiting for differentness, these movements are beautiful, but they are always more gorgeous and insufficient. Chairman Mao was a vulgar and vulgarity of the “red” as soon as he gave the word “red”. : “Red Flag”, “Red Army”, “Red Fit”, “Red Rain”, “Red Xia” and other more than ten species. For the first time, the poem “Red” was his early work “Qinyuanchun · Changsha”: “Independent cold autumn, the north of the Xiangjiang River, oranges’ heads, watching Wanshan red all over the mountains, all the forests are stained, the river is clear, and the river is clear. Hundreds of strokes … Ask the vast earth, who is the lord’s ups and downs … “In the poem of the chairman,” red “is with the” bear, tiger and leopard, Canglong, … “above, forming both ends of contradictions. If compared with Chu Ci, “Bear” and other can be said to be “Ai Xiao”, then the “Red Flag” and “Red Army” are “pepper orchids”. It is widely intended. In the poems of the chairman, the red words often have the momentum of burning the world and transforming Yunei, such as: “Wan Mountain Red Turn everywhere”, sometimes a symbol and joy of a kind of victory, such as “the red flag of the wind”, “Red Flag” “Speaking through Tingjiang”; sometimes it is a kind of confusing spirit, a kind of indispensable power, such as: “Thousands of wood creams are red, and the heavenly soldiers are angry with Xiaohan.” It made people read and sigh, anger back, and have a lot of pride.

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