Inside tea factories
“In the summer of the tea factory, the arrow butterfly flies on the palm trees of the small garden. There is no control of the green space in the tea factory, and there is a shadow of a double fork rhino tortoise in the rot. Attracting the strong Sangtian Niu hit the window. In the summer, the sound of the Taiwanese cicada and the spots of wings will continue the entire Fu Tian until the autumn. “
On the wall of the office building of Runsi Qihong (that is, the former China Tea Company Guichi Tea Factory), there are many specimens of insects and fungi, and there are also a few of the tea factories narrated by workers. “Old factory” recorded these animals and plants who have been living with the old factory for 70 years.
The Guichi Tea Factory, which was officially put into use in 1951, has now gone through the spring and autumn of seventy years. Rarely, the equipment and factory of the old tea factory have been continuously used to this day. In 2017, Runsi Qimen Black Tea Old Factory was selected into the Chinese Twenty -Century Architecture Heritage List. The architectural design of that year was still amazing.
The gallery column in the plant is not only used for load, but also has drainage function
China Tea Industry Corporation Guichi Tea Factory (2003 was restructured to Anhui Guoyun Tea Co., Ltd. and followed the use of Runsi trademarks) is one of the three major tea factories in the five major tea factories and Qimen black tea in Anhui Province. The uninterrupted tea enterprise is located in Chikou Road, Guichi District, Chizhou City, Anhui Province. The main products are Runsi Qimen black tea.
After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, hundreds of wastes were treated, and foreign exchange was urgently needed. In 1950, China and the Soviet Union signed an intergovernmental trade agreement to determine that Qi Hong exported the Soviet Union alone with a place named black tea to repay the loan. In fact, the Qi Hong industry at the beginning of the founding of the People’s Republic of China was in a precarious state. The tea garden was barren, the tea house closed, and transportation was mainly water. Southern Anhui basically had no decent road. In such a special period, Chinese tea companies are near the Yangtze River area in Qi Shi Tea Area. In February 1950, the “China Tea Industry Company Guichi Tea Factory” was established. Based on the warehouse of the Logistics Department of the former Chizhou Military Division, in accordance with the quality requirements and processing warehousing specifications proposed by the famous tea scholar Wu Juenong and Mr. Hu Haochuan. A group of Qimen black tea plant buildings, warehouses, handmade fields and other buildings.
Most of the machines used in the tea factory are wooden structures, retaining the original style
From then on, the ingredients of Qi Matthery Tea in the east to Shitai, Qimen, and Guichi passed the Qiupu River, Yaudu River, Baiyang River, and continued to be transported to Chizhou Chikou through transportation such as boats and rafts. Those who were selected as the Twenty -Century Architecture Heritage in China were mainly three buildings of tea factories: Qi Hongmukang, the early stage of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, and the early stage of the founding of the People’s Republic of China.
Qi Hongmukang started construction in September 1950. It is one of the black tea woodcut warehouses that are old, highly regulated, and currently in use. Designed by the East China Office of the Ministry of Trade at the time, Hengda Construction Society’s Tai Runmu team was constructed, which was a high -level building in China at that time. The building style of Mucang is simple and bright. The appearance is the warehouse building of the green brick wall. The three -character slope is connected to the roof in parallel. The interior is corresponding to the middle promenade.
It is worth mentioning that its internal design: roof, four walls, partitions, and flooring all use the northeast of Daxing’an Ridge, and the outer warehouse is divided into 10 independent and connected inner warehouses. Pine wood is insulation and breathability, and the air flows are sufficient. At the same time, because the roof, four walls, partitions, and flooring are solid wood, the humidity in the warehouse is maintained between 60% ~ 70%. It is rare for nearly 70 years. The colonies have gone through three stages: natural generation, natural selection, and interactive reproduction, and eventually formed a relatively stable eugenic colonies environment. As a result, the temperature and humidity environment that is good for black tea is good for black tea.
The windows in the refined workshop of the tea factory are open along the north, which not only guarantees lighting and avoids direct light.
Qi Hongmu has never interrupted in 70 years, retaining the taste of Qi Hong, who has never been interrupted
Overlooking Old Black Tea Factory District
Hand -picked field
Around 1952, the state established the Guichi Tea Factory, Qimen Tea Factory, and East to Tea Factory in Qi Hong’s production area. Production, around 2002, Qimen Tea Factory and East to Tea Factory were shut down one after another.
The refined workshop is a sawtooth -shaped plant, and it is a masterpiece of industrial buildings in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The overall structure of the building is reasonable. The primary is to ensure practical functions. The modern industrial architecture has a strong breath, but it also serves ancient agricultural processing. The appearance of the building is simple and simple, and the overall style is the Soviet style. It uses new technologies and new materials, representing the advanced level of the Chinese tea industry at that time. The interior of the workshop is large -span design, which is completely supported by 56 empty corridors columns, forming a pillar net space without partition walls. The column column is hollow, and it is also convenient for rainy days to drain. So far, there is still a reference significance for architecture. The top of the slope is composed of vertical glass walls and slope tile surfaces. The top sunroof is northward, which is not affected by sunshine. It not only reduces the heat of summer sunshine, but also ensures a uniform natural light, which is convenient for the stability of the quality of tea. Here is equipped with a wooden combined Qimen black tea production line. The production functions are specially designed and are still available for protection.
Black tea acquisition and making old photos (Photos)
Romance of rice incense
In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, there were two layers of buildings, square design, Soviet -style, symmetrical, rigorous and regular. The underlying space is spacious, and the Soviet -style windows are bright. In the middle of a column of wooden columns, the beam is composed of two layers of wooden boards on the upper and lower layers of wooden grids. It has a brief and decorative beauty. On the right side of the building is close to the quiet two ponds, and the water surface is reflected.
The best protection is to use. Today, the three factories are still in protection, and the Qihong Museum is also planning. Here it will be transformed into a museum that can fully present Qi Hong’s development history.
Runsi Qimen Black Tea Old Factory Extraction
The old factory building has used tea making machine so far
The roof of the Soviet -style architectural style in the old factory building
According to Anhui Pictorial