During the Second World War, the Nazi Party’s ruling of Germany attached great importance to military uniforms. The Nazi heads convened artists and designers to jointly design the Nazi defense military uniforms to make this military uniform a generation of classics. On the Internet, netizens still have high evaluations of Germany’s military uniforms during World War II. Even today, there are few military uniforms in various countries.
In 1939, German soldiers wore gray -green field clothes, wearing M35 helmets, and long black leather boots on their feet. This kind of black boots are bright and bright, not only wearing good -looking, but also strong.
Boots were originally standard for the European army, but they had been replaced by leg tied and leather shoes at the end of the 19th century. At that time, France, Britain, and the United States were leather shoes and leg tied up. The Soviets even wrapped their feet. Compared with soldiers in these countries, the Germans wearing boots naturally have advantages in appearance.
The Germans choose to use long -range boots as the unified equipment of the army, for aesthetic or combat purpose? Why do Nazi Germany pay so much attention to the appearance of military uniforms? In addition to boots, what are the types of German defense military boots?
1. “Military uniforms are handsome, young people will actively participate in the army”
At the beginning of the 20th century, it was the era of rapid advancement of military technology. Most countries put their energy on research weapons and equipment, and improved much in military uniforms.
Military uniforms in various countries in the world are similar, and they use modern European military uniforms as blueprints to make small and small reforms. In the World War II participating countries, the military uniform inherited the 19th century of the military uniforms of the British, French, Su, the United States, Japan, and Italy. The cutting was relatively large, and the design elements were monotonous.
At that time, the military uniforms of Nazi Germany were “a little red from it.” The German military uniforms in the 1930s were tough, wearing British spirits and prestigious. Different arms of the Germans, the military uniforms of different positions are complex and changeable. The military uniforms of the officers are customized by tailors. They use foreign military dresses as a blueprint. The higher the rank, the more handsome.
The reason why Nazi Germany attaches so much importance is the highest instruction of the Nazi head of the artist. The Nazi head has always thought that he has a deep accomplishment in “aesthetics”. He stated: “Germany’s military uniforms must reflect the upright posture of the Germans, and it must be handsome, so that young people will follow the army without hesitation.”
German military uniforms by famous clothing designers
Hedu SS officer
Commonly designed, the overall use of Prussia’s traditional military uniform, but deleted complicated patterns and decorations, and added slim lines. The Nazi Party first tested these design experience on the “charge team uniform”. As a result, it was well received. Even the Nazi heads often wore this uniform themselves.
The new German military uniform was released in the 1930s, and young German people were very sought after. The M35 helmets and gray -green military uniforms and black long -leather boots became the sign of the Nazi German Defense Force. The Nazi expansion policy before 1938 was unblocked, and the handsome military uniform played a great role.
The long leather boots on the German feet are not small. It was a sign of the Prussian army. It is very suitable for the changing climate of the European battlefield and also made great achievements in World War I.
Second, military boots: essential equipment for the European battlefield
The European army’s large -scale equipment of military boots began in the 19th century. At that time, both cavalry and infantry wearing boots. Cavalry wearing boots was convenient to get on.
European regions are muddy and difficult to run in winter and spring. Shoes and boots will not be pulled out in the mud. The potholes will even hurt the ankle, which will seriously affect the march. Only boots can solve this problem.
In the 1860s, the predecessor of Germany’s kingdom of Prussia began to equip leather boots. As Prussia became European overlords, military boots became popular. Prime Minister Posmai once said:
The footsteps of the army when marching are the best weapons of the army.
In the First World War, only military officers such as Britain and France were wearing boots, and soldiers were still leather shoes and leggings.
As a result, in the long troops, German soldiers wearing traditional long -term military boots were far less than soldiers of other countries. Soldiers wearing short boots squatted in the muddy trenches for a few days, and their feet began to rot. Although the bulky shoes of the German army were heavy and impermeable, they could prevent sand and gravel, waterproof, and bacteria. Essence
After the end of the First World War, Europeans believed that the future war would still be “堑”, so the German army used high -ranking boots. Although the Nazis came to power, although the German military uniforms were redesigned, the high leather boots of the Prussian descent were still preserved.
The early German leather boots “marching boots”, the overall height reached 40 cm, the toes and heels were inlaid with a U -shaped iron skin, and there were dozens of iron nails on the soles of the shoe. It was very heavy and could be used as a weapon. Wearing such shoes long -distance troops was a kind of torment, but fortunately, the Germans had basically completed mechanization at that time. The soldiers took cars or trains when they ran for long distances, so wearing boots was completely fine.
In 1939, the German army dropped the height of the military boots to 30 cm due to comfort. The Germans during World War II wearing this improved version of “short military boots” were tied to legged on it.
In many film and television materials in World War II, the early Germans were wearing boots, and in the later period, long and short tube were mixed. Only the Nazi SS, in order to pursue the ultimate shape, has been wearing long -troops.
3. The change of “marching boots” in World War II
The “marching boots” are all made of cowhide. The early quality was very good and more comfortable to wear. However, as the German army faced the battlefield environment becoming more and more complicated, there were many variants in the “marching boots”.
In 1941, Germany fought against the Soviet Union, and 5 million major soldiers entered the Soviet Union in three roads. The road conditions of the Soviet Union at that time were very poor, and the road was very small. Once it rained, the road of march was muddy.
There was a huge material problem in this unprecedented war. First of all, the army’s military boots were not enough. The German troops at that time had reached 5 million, and high -intensity battles made military boots serious. The rear must ensure that soldiers have two pairs of boots a year, which is very stressed. So the Nazi Party ordered that other Germans would no longer be equipped with military boots except the army field troops.
In winter, the cold climate of the Soviet Union below minus 40 degrees made the Germans miserable. The warmth of German marching boots was insufficient, and it was a nightmare for winter operations.
In the Battle of Moscow at the end of 1941, the Germans reduced their members by nearly half due to cold problems. A large number of soldiers’ feet were frostbite and forced amputation. In order to continue the war, the German army immediately launched warm felt boots, adding a velvet in the shoes, the sleeve part was designed as cotton expansion, the maximum extent was feet warm.
In the North African battlefield, the Rommel “African Legion” in the desert also complained about marching boots. The local temperature was as high as 30 to 40 degrees. The marching boots of cowhide were stuffy and unbearable. Many soldiers suffered from foot disease. The Germans immediately sent the short boots to Africa. This kind of military boots were shorter, and the surface was made of canvas, which was more cool and breathable.
After 1943, with the war of the German war, Germany’s national strength overdraft,
The marching boots were replaced by the cheaper M44 military boots after 1944
Essence The paratrooper boots of this kind of military boots and paratroopers are made of artificial leather, and no longer brushed black paint.
It is shorter, lighter, and cheaper
, Immediately promote it.
The shoe and soles of M44 military boots have been strengthened to increase off -road capabilities and protect the ankle. As for the reason for not brushing black paint, because Germany was forced to produce pressure, it had given up the excellence of military products.
1. “Talking for World War II”, Ding Yan
2. “Infantry, Germany and African Army”, Song Ke