The solar terms in ancient calligraphy and painting

Xue Yuanming

The turntable of time goes to the last season of the twenty -four solar terms. On January 20, 2022, it was cold.


After the cold, Lichun is coming, and a new reincarnation is about to begin. “The first snowy of the disabled. Mei Bai fluttering the stamens …” This is not only the coldest period of the year, but also the beginning of the change of the cycle of “transportation” and “qi” in the year. Wang Xizhi has “Cold Cut” and “Extreme Cold Post”. The Five Dynasties of the Southern Tang Dynasty Xu Xi’s “Snow Bamboo Map”, although painted with snow bamboo, hidden the news of spring and the vitality of spring.

The series of articles in “Surging News · Ancient Art” “Emerald in Ancient Calligraphy and Calligraphy” in the poetry and paintings presented in this issue.


The ancients did not have advanced scientific and technological means. With the accumulated experience, it was so accurate to calculate the twenty -four solar terms of the year. The ancients seemed to be “backward”, but it was more interesting, that is, a slow life: “The first snowy of the disabled. Mei Bai fluttered in the fragrant stamens. The crispy, the peach rune is auspicious. The five more urged to drive, the firecrackers are rising. The destruction is divided. The new year is changed. Changbao is glory and expensive. Shou Sui. “The word of Bunzhi wrote the big cold wind of Ying Jing.


When the snowflakes floating in the sky soothed the vast earth silently, when the lonely field quietly awakened the deep and shallow memories, Dahan arrived as expected. This is not only the coldest period of the year, but also the beginning of the change of the cycle of “transportation” and “qi” in the year. To the extreme, cold air will no longer continue to save. The winter is exhausted, and the love of the New Year is warm. “If you turn around, you will hit the spring with spring.” The pool is new green, and the eyes are clear.


Dongjin Wang Yan “This Year Post”

As the name implies, the “This year’s post” in the East Jin Dynasty, contains the meaning of reviewing one year. It wrote: “This year is drooping. Sadness and sorrow. Not self -victorious. But how can it be cut. The cold is similar to what. It is very good. The servant is not bad. The second. “In the line, it is full of melancholy, cold, cold, and cold. Although it is a pioneering book, you can still feel that the pen is free and easy to use, eclectic, and the body rate is natural, such as the cloud flowing water. Wang Xianzhiying died early and died at the age of 43. Later, the court chose Wang Yan from his cousin. Wang Yan died two years later, only 38 years old. The world is called Wang Xian as a big order, and Wang Yan is a small order.


The Langya Wang family in the Eastern Jin Dynasty is a huge political family and a cultural family. It has formed a “study of family biography” in calligraphy. In the past 300 years, the inheritance of the arts and arts has been continuous. Cultural scene. The family eventually launched the “two kings” father and son in the way of stars.

Eastern Jin Wang Xizhi’s “Cold Cut”

Wang Xizhi has “Cold Cut” and “Extreme Cold Post”. “Cold Cutting” wrote: “The book of 14th and 18th, knowing that it is comforting. Cold cutting is better than each other. Books are not one. “” Think of worries, long -term suspension. Swallowing is very small, inferior! ” This is a hook filling. With Bi Yan Run, it seems to be effortless when writing, which reflects that Wang Xizhi’s calligraphy is highly mature in his later years, and the water is successful. “Extreme Cold Post” says: “Dan extremely cold, you have to show. Mrs. Cheng has a relaxed cough, not good at sleeping, helps to reverse, think of Xiaol, what kind of medicine? Sitto, small crickets, and ears. “The many handwriting of Xiyi said that they were all in poor physical condition. Although this post is a script, many of them are based on regular script, which is rare among the many ruler of Wang Xizhizhi. The pen is clear, and the body is naturally generous, showing Wei Jin’s style.

Eastern Jin Wang Xizhi’s cursive “Extreme Cold Post”

There are many “symmetry existences” in Chinese culture. The most typical names are north -south place names, such as Beijing Tongzhou and Nantong, Jiangsu, and one category. Wait. In the Northern Song Dynasty, there were “Four Songs of the Song” Su Shi, Huang Tingjian, Mi Yan and Cai Xiang. They were well -known. The Southern Song Dynasty also had the “Four Songs of the Song”, namely Lu You, Fan Chengda, Zhu Xi, and Zhang Xiaoxiang. Essence Huang Tingjian’s “Snow Cold Post” wrote: “Snow cold, is the Shengsheng? Great axis, but don’t show more people, or do not understand this intention, but also the craftsmanship. Without time, comparison from the aspects of pen, knot, style and other aspects, it is very close to “Static Post”. The valley big characters are horizontal, the long guns, and the small characters are closer to Su Shi. This post is strong, the strokes are elegant, the glyphs are free and elegant, and the stroke turns are regulated and the skills are deep. Lu You’s “Bitter Cold Post” cloud: “You are afraid of worshiping, and the old man of the house of Shang Qizhong. After the holiday, you can also try it, so you won’t regret it. This public is not thin, but the name is ominous. , Stiff and oblique, and mixed grass, seem to be anxious about the urgent mood and view of disaster relief. Most of the brushwork is made by the side. “Bitter Cold” and two “Nai”, at that time, was at a glance.

Huang Tingjian “Snow Cold Post” in the Northern Song Dynasty

Southern Song Dynasty Lu You “Bitter Cold Post”

In terms of solar terms, the calligraphy of calligraphy is mostly not taking off the word “cold”, and the theme of painting works is much more rich, especially the most famous.

Five Dynasties Xu Xi “Snow Bamboo Map”


The “Snow Bamboo Map” in the Five Dynasties of the Southern Tang Dynasty best reflects the “falling ink” style of Xu’s, which is called “Jiangnan flowers and birds, which starts with the Xu family.” The so -called “falling ink” is to use the bumps of the branches, leaves, stamens, and liquids. First, use the ink pen to dye all the hooks and draw them all, and then some parts are slightly added with some parts. After drawing the scenery of the dead wood and bamboo and stone, below is the sizes of the sizes. The structure is not overwhelmed and the structure is smudged with ink, leaving white to show the snow. In the middle of the stone, there are three rough bamboo, which is strong and strong, with fine branches and stubborn leaves. There are several bamboo bending or broken bamboo next to it, or thick or fine, or break or bending. There are several poles of thin bamboo interspersed in the meantime. There is a dead tree on the left side, the branches are folded, or the leaves, or the whiteness of the white, and the snow scenery. Although it is painted with snow bamboo, it hides the news of spring and the vitality of spring.

Southern Song Ma Lin “Mei Bamboo Picture”

The Southern Song Ma Lin is the son of Ma Yuan, a big painter. History said that Ma Yuan loved his son, and often made Ma Lin’s title in his own paintings. He wanted to make his son become famous as soon as possible. “Meizhu” is a long -distance masterpiece. There are several branches of cold plums, horizontal oblique, green bamboo interspersed, admiring support, and looking forward to love. The brushwork is beautiful, the shape is accurate, and the color is bright. Although the picture is simple, it is carefully arranged in terms of denseness, scattered, and the guests. It is just right.

China is vast, and the flowering period of plum blossoms lasts for a long time. When it is different in various places, it is affected by temperature. Winter is the season of cold plums. The colder the weather, the more amazing the plum blossoms. “Meilan bamboo chrysanthemum” is then known as the “four gentlemen”, which has become a symbol of Chinese people’s senses, and the most common theme in chanting poems and literati paintings. Essence Those who painted plums in all ages are giant.


Northern Song Zhao Yan “Plum Blossom Eye Eyes”

In the Northern Song Dynasty, Zhao Yan’s “Plum Blossom Eye Eyes” was thin, and the branches were sparse. An embroidered eye, standing with a branches, tweeting Gu Pan, which is interesting with the beautiful plum blossoms. The embroidered eye is a famous bird ornamental. There is a white ring around the eyes, so it is named. There are not many scenery in the picture, but it is quite moving. The painted is Gongmei, the pruning is obvious, the painting method is fine and delicate, the color is thick, and it has a rich and rich atmosphere.


Southern Song Li Tang “Stand Staff Exploring Meitu”


Li Tang, one of the “Four Southern Song Dynasty” Li Tang, is a scene of admiring Jiangnan after the settlement of Lin’an. The brushwork is concise, the ink color is smooth, elegant and unique, and the ethical and lonely is clear. However, there is a man who is idle in the picture. The rod faces the two trees in the early morning plums, a stream of spring water, and a small bridge. On the left of the picture is the cold mountain stone, the corner of the corner. A plum branch, 攲 一 一 一 一, loosely released. Looking at the two old plum branches, the stars are a little bit, the buds are to be released, and the spring is slightly exposed. Xunyou’s victory has always been a great joy of the ancients. There are three stages of seeking plums, plums, and admiring plums, especially the most interesting interest that “flowers will not open well”.

Yuan Wang Mian “Plum Blossom Poems”


The Wang Mianmei poems of the Yuan Dynasty were popular: “My family washing the head of the pond, and the flowers bloomed in the ink marks. Don’t praise the color, just leave the Qi Qiyu.” Wang Miansu is famous for painting. “Poetry, calligraphy and painting printing” uniform model. The first lactal carving seal. The calligraphy skills are deep. From the perspective of this title, it is mainly from Ou Chu. There is also a well -known painting plum master Chen Lishan. “Meimeu” was written in Zhengxin (1351). A plum, sparse shadow, siege, the main trunk from the right side of the format, compose the stance, uses circular petals and inverted strokes. Compared with Wang and Chen, Wang Mian made elegance and meticulous, while Chen Lishan made plums with a slightly removing sparse branches, expressing freely.


Yuan Chen Lishan “Mo Meitu”

In the Ming Dynasty, the painting plum created this one after another, and you can try to classify.

Ming Tang Yin “Mo Meitu”


There are special plum blossoms, such as Tang Yin’s “Ink Plum Tu”, which is purely ink pen, drawing plum branches with dried pens, scratching the texture, and expressing the vigor of plum branches. , Draw the stamens with fine strokes. I saw the plum blossoms and gracefulness, the beautiful and refined poetry and the free and easy, and the brushwork was just healthy: “Golden cloth ground King’s house, white jade becomes forest and flowers.

Ming Lu Zhi “Visit Meitu after the snow”

Lu Zhi’s “Visit Meitu after the Snow”, Wen Zhengming. Qing Qian Du Ji Lu Zhi’s landscape wrinkle method is the most split with a small ax. From the perspective of the entire picture, it is completely based on the brushwork of calligraphy. It is not colorful, and it is elegant. It is all the “Wumen Painting School”. : “After a visit to the snow, I visited after the snow, because there was a message of Mei Mei, and the poetry was recruited.” Mei is waiting for recruitment. The stump is unruly, and the poems are always happy. For the past few years, the taste is the same, and the city of Yunlin is far away. “

Ming Zhu Duan “Seeking Mei Tu”

Zhu Duan’s “Fun Mei Tu” uses a half composition type, which takes the double pine of the left screen as the backbone. The rod support the umbrella old man and the two boys are preparing to cross the river to Mei Village on the other side. You know, the characters in Chinese paintings are always the core soul no matter how small. Located above Shuangsong is the peak covering white snow. The full range of double pine is the backbone. The rocks are 嵘 嵘, and the contour lines or mountain walls are wiped with thick and black ink lines, which is in a strong contrast with the color of white snow. It is not difficult to imagine that at that time, the sky was snowing, and an old man supported the umbrella sticks, traveled in the lake, and the two books were written on the side. In the middle of the village, the size of the size is appropriate.


Ming Chen Chun “Plum Blossom Aqusides”


Some are different plants, such as Chen Chun’s “Plum Blossom Aqusides”. Plum blossoms are in the main position of the picture, and the branches stretch around and echoed daffodils. Through frustration, Fei Bai, etc., it shows the vigorous and wanton of plum branches with a pen. The plum blossoms swallowed ink, vivid and realistic. The blooming narcissus flowers are outlined with a simple pen, which is beautiful and vulgar, quiet and eternal. In the aspects of Xuzhuan, the thickness of the lines, the thickness of the lines, and the thickness of the ink color, it shows the sense of rhythm of errors. Chen’s freehand flowers and birds developed from the Yuanren Painting method.

The crowns of the Ming Dynasty “Plum Blossom Wild Map”


Some are the combination of animals and plants, such as Zhou’s crown “Plum Blossom Wild Map”. Although it is a gongbi, the business is quite strong, the composition is well -proportioned, fine and realistic. , Between Chen Chun and Lu Zhi, the hook flowers have a new idea. Wang Yan learned the crown of Zhou, and “Snow Plum Big Tu” painted the snow scene and Hanjiang. Snow bamboo stands up, and the littleque is inhabited. A old plum, lush branches, flowers blooming with snow, and enchanting. The plum blossoms are fresh and elegant, the branches are old and spicy, and the ink is focused. The entire background is rendered by light ink, leaving white to show the snow.

As mentioned earlier, the “people” in Chinese paintings, regardless of seeing or not, are always the protagonist, just like the “poem eyes” in poetry, which can be called “painting eye”, which is essentially human and nature relation. Chinese painting pays attention to the beauty of artistic conception, pays attention to freehand, and eventually surpass personal self. Even in the picture, even the mountains and mountains that have risen to the ground are unable to reach, and it is extremely dangerous. In the end, there is still a realm of harmony and quietness. The characters in the landscape are a manifestation of morality, or a testimony of some values. Most of these characters are gown fishing reading, and they are all in the world. Especially the characters in Song paintings play an extremely important role. To put it bluntly, they are the spokespersons of the artist. What the artist will eventually present is self.

Ming Xiang Shengmo “Snow Shadow Fisherman Picture”


In Xiang Shengmo’s “Snow Fisherman’s Picture”, the four old trees covered with white snow were rough and tall, the fork was wrong, and the leaves were exhausted, indicating that the time was under winter. By the water under the tree, a fishing boat is on the shore. The fisherman was wearing a coat, wearing a bucket, and holding the paddle. In the distance, Yunshan wiped in the distance, looking at it everywhere. Topic questions: “The shadow of the shadow of the shadow of Yaojiang, a fisherman’s ten fingers stiff. Where is the stable of Lin Qian, you should be hometown with the wind.”


Ming Zhubang “Selling Fish Fish Selling Fish”


Zhu Bang’s “Selling Fish Selling Fishes” pictures accumulated snow and cold. In the distance, the mountains are mountains, silver snakes are flying, and the pagoda of the ancient temple is looming. There is a drainage of a drainage in the middle of the painting. There is a fishing boat in front of the Xie. There are two people on the pavilion. They sit on their hands. The other old man devotes himself to the titles of the mermaid’s hands. The two sides are doing business. Near the painting, houses, trees, and mountains are all wrapped in silver. In the coast wine shop, four people sat around the table, drinking and enjoying the scenery while drinking. The proportion of many characters to mountains, water, trees, and buildings is accurate, properly arranged, different in character forms, and lifelike images. If it is said that the painting plum works in the Ming Dynasty tried to divide the subject matter as a standard, and the Qing Dynasty painting plum series could be the subject of the artist as the classification standard.

One is “semi -hidden”. Between entering the WTO and birth, many masters of plum masters in “Eight Monsters in Yangzhou”.


Choose one

Choose Two

Jinnong is the head of the “eight monsters”. The “Plum Blossom” album is peculiar and weighed in later generations. The plum blossoms in the eyes of Jinnong, “The tree has no ugly fragrance stained with sleeves, does not love flowers and does not look at it.” There is a feeling of Xishi in the eyes of the lover, and there is “plum blossom heart” in his life. The title is a fine pen, “Under the lone mountains of my county. In the barren pavilion, there are dozens of plums, horizontal and polymorphism, and legendary 逋 逋. Jin Nong admired Lin Yan, a great poet in the Song Dynasty. The style of the style is vivid and natural, showing the clustered wild plum, and the desire for freedom and expectations for freedom. Furthermore, most of the plums in Jinnong’s paintings are mainly ink plums. They use the ancient and clumsy, and the artistic conception is clear and cold, and the style of high ancient and coldness is revealed in the style. Where does the ancient meaning come from? Jinnong’s calligraphy chase the Han monument, and from this to the painting, it will undoubtedly have the meaning of ancient times.

Qing Luo hired “Mo Mei”

As a student of Jinnong, Luo’s hiring academic and farmers can change, and it is self -made. Luo hired Youxi painting plum, because of the “Monk of the Temple of Flowers”, French -style good said that his “life income is all in plums.” In the painted “Meimei”, the plum blossoms of Avofeng Linghan bloomed, a vibrant scenery. In the painting, Lao Mei is rough, full of pictures, showing tenacious vitality. The trunk of the 书 虬, with the meaning of calligraphy, the turning momentum is clumsy. Hua Rui draws a little stamen, leaning on the positive side, full of attitude, and cooling out, reflecting the arrogant rhyme. Unlike Wang Shichen’s elegant and elegant, the plum in Roche’s pen is “bile as a big pole, extremely horizontal and oblique seconds”, which is strong and bleak. Hong Liangji said that “the two peaks painted stone like Qu Tie, and the two peaks painted plums like a halberd”, which accurately revealed the Rochest style.


Qing Li Fangyi “Mo Meitu”

Li Fangyi, who belongs to the “Eight Monsters”, also has “Meimeu”. The folding plum blossoms in the picture have strong personality characteristics, and their pride is rampant. The composition is concise and sparse, and the pens are strong and spicy, the ink is dripping, the branches are thin, the flower buds are, round and chic, there is a blockbuster white, don’t see a lonely and cold demeanor. Friend Yuan Mei commented: “The proud bone depression is the root of plum trees, and the wizard is scattered as a plum tree flower.” Li Fangyi once wrote Mei Shiyun: “Writing plums may not be suitable, so you don’t blame the flowers in front of the flowers. He is tens of millions of stubbornness, and only two or three branches.” For those who are arrogant, Gufang should appreciate itself. It is a normal state.

Gao Fenghan is a left pen book, and he is self -contained. “Mo Mei” title: “One of the support of Xiaolinglong Pavilion. Nanfu Lao Gao Fenghan’s left -handed gift”. “In the Five -Year Geng Shenzheng June”, at the age of 58. “Don’t be horizontal, and the pavilion wants to blew the sky. Wild incense is good, Mo makes it near the furnace smoke.” I hate the ugly. Gift to the aunts and shot people, and admire it. “Gao Fenghan’s composition is very unique. Whether it is a stout trunk or a thin branch, it will be upward, so as to form a momentum that flows upward. At the end of the top, there was a branch stretching to the right, making the entire picture vivid. Here, a seal has the finishing touch, and the poetry, calligraphy and painting are integrated.

Qing Wang Shixin “Poetry Poetry”

Every winter, Wang Shichen goes to Yangzhou Meihuoling to create to the scene. He was blind in his left eye in his fifties. Due to improper care, in his sixties, his right eye was blind. Thinking from the standpoint of modern medicine, Wang may have glaucoma. Wang Shichen did not succumb to destiny. After the left eye was blind, he specialized in painting orchids. After his eyes were blind, he specially captured the cursive script. “Poetic Poetry” was a middle -aged work of Wang Shinchen. At that time, he was healthy, at the peak of his creation, and represented his best state. The painting depicts a tree plum blossom falling from a height, along the twists and turns, dotted with sporadic white plums, as if there is a breeze in the painting, bringing a fragrance of plum. This is the clever place of Wang Shi Shen, who is good at painting plum ink. The most important thing is that the beauty of the plum blossoms in Wang Shichen’s writing is unpredictable, and only cares about the vitality and stubborn temperament of plum blossoms.

Qing Shitao’s fine pen “Flower Book Ink Mei”

One is “all -hidden”, such as Shi Tao. Its “Plum Book” is twelve and all ink and ink, or the shadow is oblique, or the air is alone, or the plate is like a dragon, or the old monk is settled. Either or hooking, they are all angry. Each of the poem is chanting, or li or regular, or row or grass. You can remember the rest of your life, and be a talent for the Fu. The reward finally has many things, and he will go to spring and spring. “

Qing Hongren “Plum Blossom House Map”


There is only one plum tree, a house, mountain stone and bamboo cricket painted in Hongren’s “Plum Blossom House Map”, and concentrated in the lower left part of the frame. There is a gentle mountain stone in the painting. There is a ancient plum between the mountains and stones, the root of the plate, the branches of the branches, the branches are dry, the branches are sparse, the branches are bare, and there is a house on the hillside. There are several plants between the slope stone. New 篁 embellishment, a little stars. The upper part of the picture is blank. From this inscription, it can be known that the time is cold and the moon is dripping. It is stable and rigorous with a pen. Hongren painting was originally high and cold, and the winter scenery was even more so. However, it can give people a desolate, tragic, strong and unyielding feeling in the cold and cold charm of the cold light, and it can be at the end of it.

Qing Pan Gongshou’s “Deep Cloud Trip Discovery Meitu” (partial)

Pan Gongshou converted to the Buddhist gate. The layout of “Deep Cloud Exploring Mei Tu” is clever and asymmetric in symmetry. The hills can be seen on both sides, forming a space squeeze, and the color is dark. Behind people, there is a simple hall. In the distance, there are mountain peaks, the colors are light, the whole picture is clear, the deep mountains and ancient brakes, the curvature path is quiet, the picture seems to be messy, but the hidden sense of layering. Pan had won Wang Wenzhi and Wang Yan’s pointed. He made more poetic meaning. His paintings have tasted Wang Wenzhi, known as “Pan Painting King”.


Qing Wang’s “Searching Mei Tu”

One is “entering the WTO”, Wang Yan’s “Finding Mei Tu” was 40 years old, at the age of seventy. The inscriptions are: “Li Yan is looking for Meitu. Xin Yan Jiaping has obeyed from Wu Xuan, one of the Baimen Office. Because of the meaning of it.” At that time, Wang Yan was completing the “Southern Tour” shortly after returning to Changshu in his hometown. Everywhere, the names of the people came to ask for painting. It may be that because he saw Li Tang’s original work directly in Nanjing, the club arrived, and the affection could not be restrained, or because of the huge remuneration of the cries, he was strict and dyed. The frozen stream snow area, Cang pine branches, the characters have a shrinking state, the mountains are sleeping, vivid and vivid. The so -called “seeking plum” is actually looking for their own hearts. Different people have different feelings.

Contemporary Huang Binhong’s “Best Han Qing Confer”

Starting from the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the “Qing Dynasty Conference” is the theme of the paintings that the painters at the end of the year and the beginning of the year. Essence Huang Binhong’s “The Chinchong Confer” was painted at the age of eighty -six. From the point of view of the handwriting, he returned to the bland nature, natural romance, unrestrained, and completely entered a calm state. The composition is strange, the trunk is folded, leaving a large piece of white land above. The wonderful place is used in ink color. It can be summarized with the word “ancient light”, without a trace of anger. Plum blossoms are not strange, but although there is an old manner, it shows a strong situation. Although they are common auspicious things, they can appreciate the sense of ritual deep in their hearts.

In modern times, Wu Changshuo seal banner, Guihai Dahan

The Qing dynasty painters generally liked to draw a clear confession, which became a kind of atmosphere. The most typical is Wu Changshuo. Almost every year, there are works. There was a poem saying: “Pepsi arranges for the years, Han Ping inserted Lao Meihua. A family of wealthy and happy, Yang Xian sand pot drinking tea.” Wu Changshuo is a very diligent person, with a lot of works in the world. The Shu Shu banner “Qingxian Pavilion” was made in Guihai Dahan. Eighty years old, he did not see the old state. Wu Changshuo chose “Shiguwen” as the main target of copying. In the past few decades, repeated studies have not been satisfied with deliberately imitating the shape of the apprentice.

Speaking of which, Wu Changshuo should be Qi Baishi’s teacher, and the puppet between Wu Qi is already a public case. If it is because of the differences in artistic views, it is also reasonable. The development of calligraphy may be just a good thing. Qi Baishi strictly speaking, he is a division of great divisions. In addition to many of his own, he first worshiped Wang Yiyun, and then Zhang Boying. Zhang Boying is a modern monument giant. Although his Bei Bei creation is relatively regular, it is different from Zhang Yuzhao’s “standardization”. He grasped the characteristics of Wei Bei Xiong. Naturally generous, no carving gas, so it is self -contained.

Qing Chen Yu Zhong is engraved with cold spring Xiao

At the end of Dahan, it is spring news. Huang Binhong’s “Best Cold Confer” is exactly such a scene. Chen Yuzhong’s “Tender and Cold Spring Xiao” can also be learned from the seal. After reading the word “tender and cold”, it feels much easier than Xuehan and bitter cold. Many words in Chinese exchange are very subtle.


Northern Song Guo Xi “Early Spring Map”

This situation can also be read in Guo Xi’s “Early Spring Map” in the Northern Song Dynasty. This painting in the five years of the Song Shenzong Xining (1072), with a composition of a combination of panoramic, flat, and far -reaching, shows the majestic momentum of high mountains in the north in the early spring. The peaks in the distance were towering and magnificent. The closet is stacked nearby, the mountains and rocks are abrupt, the mountains in the mountains are down, and the river valley is merged. The breath.

When talking about calligraphy and painting, it cannot be around the Song people. The minimalist and elegant beauty has reached an ultimate, and it is still affecting the aesthetics of Chinese painting. For literati, the two Song Dynasty should be “the best times.” The literati of the Song Dynasty lived very real and natural, with interest in life, loved life, and experienced life. Even the court painter, the works will not refuse to be thousands of miles away. The Song people advocate an elegant life, burning incense, tea, flower arrangement, and hanging paintings. It is commendable that the practice of elegant and elegant is not only a patent of rich and leisure, but ordinary people can also pursue elegance and leisure in ordinary life.

Chinese culture believes that everything is born with everything, and the opposition exists, one party is lost, and the other will no longer exist. It is not difficult to find that the sum of positive and negative energy in the universe is zero, balanced and expenditure, and the same amount in and out. The so -called “there is great beauty in heaven and earth, there is a clear law without discussion at four o’clock, and everything is reasonable without saying”. The opposite growth, the opposite growth of things, “one yin and one yang means the way.” Calligraphy also contains changes in yin and yang. Cai Yan’s “Nine Topic” said: “The husband’s book is in nature, naturally stands, yin and yang are born, yin and yang are born, and the situation is out of the situation.” The structure is as stated in Wang Xizhi’s “Book Theory”: “There are signs and sides, there are sidewalks and sidewalks, large or small, or long or short.” Xiangxin. Pen’s intention to look forward to it, facing leaning, yin and yang undulating, and continuous pen and pen. “

Painting and calligraphy records wonderful life and wonderful life. Four seasons are like people, solarily. Twenty -four solar terms endlessly flow, and it is a constant rule between heaven and earth.

Farewell, Dahan! Live the last solar terms in the winter, and meet again in the coming year.

Editor in charge: Chen Ruoqian


School pair: Xu Yijia