Whether you want to save food or prepare for backpack travel, it is simple and beneficial to carry your food dehydration.
The drying process slowly removes water while retaining nutrition and flavor.
Compared with buying bags for food, it is also cheaper and lighter, which is important for backpackers who try to save space and reduce weight.
Dehydration refers to the food processing process that ensures the minimum changes in food quality under artificial control, prompting food moisture evaporation.
The dehydration of food was originally to be able to save, reserve emergency rescue, disaster relief and combat reserve use at room temperature conditions.
With the continuous improvement of dehydration processing technology, it not only improves the quality of dehydration products, but also improves the precipitation and compounding of dehydrated products.
Most dehydrated foods need to be dehydrated, but some items can be dehydrated using the oven at low temperature settings.
The cost of dewatering machines is not high, usually from 200 yuan to hundreds of yuan, depending on the size and function of the tray space.
If you want to prepare a large amount of dehydration, it is best to buy a large dehydrator with a large area, because the dehydration process requires a lot of time (5 to 14 hours).
The two most important indicators of measuring the dehydrator are,
Balanced heat distribution and various temperature settings
To ensure that different types of foods can be dry.
2. Which foods can be dehydrated?
Most foods can be dehydrated at home,
Including: fruits, meat, vegetables,
Except for dairy products and high -fat foods
Unlike fruits, meat and most vegetables should be cooked before dehydration.
In order to improve the efficiency, you can consider dehydrating with a variety of foods at the same time. As long as they need the same drying temperature, they can be dehydrated together.
Once dehydrated with various types of ingredients, you can easily combine them into food.
3. Storage of dehydrated food:
The key to extending the life of food is to prevent oxidation.
The properly stored dried fruits can be stored for up to 5 years, and vegetables can be preserved for up to 10 years.
If you plan to eat these dehydrated vegetables and fruits in one year, save them in plastic bags or seal containers, squeeze out the air, and store it in a cool and dark place.
Dehydrated meat and seafood can be stored in the refrigerator. If it is eaten within a month, it can also be stored in a cool and light -avoiding place. Otherwise, vacuum sealing and freezing are the best.
4. Make dehydrated food:
First wash the fruits and slices.
It can be dehydrated with a single fruit, or a variety of fruits can be dehydrated together.
Put the sliced fruits on the dehydrator pallet and dry it for 8-12 hours under 60 degrees Celsius until the steam is steamed.
Vegetables are usually cooked by dehydrated vegetables, but vegetables that can usually be eaten raw do not need to cook them before drying.
This also depends on how you eat these processed dehydrated vegetables in the future. If it is not eaten after boiling, then it is best to cook the vegetables before dehydration.
In order to save time, you can choose frozen vegetables without thawing before entering the dehydrator.
Don’t let the onion dehydrate, it will make your entire house full of odor.
Most vegetables can be dehydrated to dry at 50 degrees Celsius.
Some water content, such as zucchini and cucumbers, can be dehydrated at 60 degrees Celsius.
3. Dental meat and seafood:
Dehydration and seafood are more complicated than fruits and vegetables, because they first need high temperatures to kill bacteria.
I generally choose to cook the cooked meat for dehydration.
In addition, dehydration should be used only lean meat, because fat and oil are easy to deteriorate and affect the consumption of food.
All types of meat should be dehydrated for 6-8 hours at 65 degrees Celsius until it becomes hard and dry.
5. Packing and dehydration meal:
This is the most interesting link. Mix your ingredients after dehydration, use your preferences, play your creativity, and try different taste combinations.
Packing and storage after several ingredients are mixed, for. For
If you travel backpack, you can consider adding milk powder, fast -soludder potato puree,
Things such as cheese, and use small bags to be stored in the morning, lunch, and dinner.
Edible dehydration meal:
Dehydration foods usually need to be equal to food, and it takes about 15-25 minutes to recover.
Outdoor, if you have a pot that can be heated, this will help shorten your food water combination time, and it will be more delicious to eat.
The specific steps for outdoor consumption dehydration meals are as follows:
1. Put the food in the pot, add the equal water, and soak for 5 minutes.
2. Boil the water, turn off the heat slightly, and simmer for 2-10 minutes.
3. Turn off the fire and cover the lid, static for 10 minutes, or until the food becomes softer and completely hydrophilic.
4. Add taste or other foods, such as: salt and pepper, cheese, sesame oil, soy sauce, etc.
Bring a small pepper -salt tank designed for travel during hiking to adjust the taste during the journey.
The purpose of dehydration food processing is to remove the water contained in food, which is convenient for storage and carrying. Therefore, it has also been favored by backpackers and outdoor activities. Essence
In addition, after some foods are naturally dry, they can basically “restore” the state before dehydration, but not all, there are many foods that have been processed by artificial dryness cannot be “resurrected”.