On the hot summer, the pool and beach are the best places for vacation. While people enjoy the coolness in the water, they also turn the pools and beaches into a colorful swimsuit show. Swimsuit refers to a special costume worn in water or beach. No matter in the East or the West, the ancients did not have a special swimsuit when swimming. The swimsuit in modern concepts slowly developed after swimming becomes a sports. The century -old change history of a modern swimsuit is also a history of evolution of humanistic concepts and science and technology development. The change of swimsuit has a profound impact on swimming, and also reflects people’s pursuit of fashion, practicality, health and other concepts.
1 The earliest swimming trunks have no loose band
In ancient times, affected by social factors such as politics, culture, and religion, there was no true swimsuit in East and West. In the ancient Greece period, although swimming was not a game of the ancient Olympic Games, it was also loved by people. At that time, people looked at the exercise and dark skin as beauty. In the game, they were all naked, and swimming was no exception. However, in the European Middle Ages, religious theology imprisoned the human body in various tube -style long clothes, which caused swimming to stagnate for a long time.
In the East, some people say that my country is the earliest country in the world to carry out swimming, because the “Book of Songs” has a sentence that “is deep, Fang Zhizhi; The local bamboo raft boat passed through, and dive or swim in a shallow place. The ancient Chinese swimming generally wore a living outfit, mainly covering the body. “Seven Heroes and Five Righteousness” and “Ji Gong Biography” and other Qing Dynasty novels appeared “water uniforms” and “water” used in diving. It is said that it is a conjoined diving suit made of fish skin, sea ravioli or shark skin. The surface is smooth and warm, which can make people wait for a longer time and swimming underwater. I often wear this kind of clothes when flattening.
In the 17th century, European noble women got the opportunity to take medical baths, but they had to put their bodies into thick sweaty shirts of the ankle and put on hats and gloves. This yukata used in public places is wide and stiff, and the cuffs can be dispersed in water, which is very uncomfortable.
In the 19th century, due to the influence of educational reform, swimming developed rapidly as an entertainment and competitive activities, and began in the UK as earlier. In 1862, a club in Britain held the first official swimming competition in history in the gymnasium in London, so the official swimsuit came out accordingly. However, due to the influence of strict and closed social etiquette, ideological culture, ethical and moral outlook such as ethics, the design and production concept of the swimsuit was transformed on the basis of life clothing based on the characteristics of swimming. sports.
The men’s swimsuit of the 1960s and 1970s is a hypertrophic shirt and shorts made of thick khaki. The shorts do not have a loose band, so they often decline after entering the water, and sometimes even slide to the ankle. At the end of the 19th century, women began to participate in swimming. At this time, the women’s swimsuit was a knitted clothing with long -sleeved trousers like children’s pajamas. Wearing long and knee opaque stockings and lace -up shoes, long -sleeved coats need to be worn inside Put your shirt. After wearing it like this, it is like a big bag.
2 Conjusational Swimsuit Born
In the course of the development of modern swimsuits for more than 100 years, the evolution of men’s swimsuits has tended to develop steadily, while women’s swimsuit has tended to develop, and the change is very large.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the economic development of various countries was rapidly liberated, and sports were gradually penetrated into people’s daily life. The design and production of clothing that conforms to the corresponding sports projects has become a problem that the clothing manufacturing industry needs to be urgently solved at that time. During this period, the men’s swimsuit has been simplified into a single shorts, which is very easy to swim. The development of the women’s swimsuit also leap also happened, and a very classic conjoined swimsuit and split swimsuit were born.
As soon as he entered the 20th century, there was a sleeveless swimsuit specializing in women. In 1907, Australian -born female swimming player Annte Kellerman broke the routine and designed a set of swimwear for herself. Her approach is to combine the swimsuit with the tight stockings of the singer and dance juggling actor, thereby designing a conjoined vest swimsuit that is close to the skin and facilitates swimming. At that time, she was arrested for wearing a conjoined swimsuit in Boston Beach in the United States, and was arrested in a crime of obstructing weathering. The arrest of Kellerman attracted public attention, but promoted the popularization of this new swimsuit. In 1910, a conjoined swimsuit became the standard style of women’s swimsuit in some parts of Europe, and was designated as the official women’s swimsuit of the 1912 Summer Olympic Games.
In the 1930s, it can be said to be the golden period of swimsuit and fashion. Many new styles have been launched, especially the advent of the back -back women’s swimsuit and split women’s swimsuit has become a hot topic on the streets and alleys of people.
In 1930, as the sunbathing began to be popular, even the body off -back swimsuit was first launched in Europe. Among the many popular elements, two decorative elements almost run through the swimsuit industry in the 1930s, one is the belt and the other is stripes. Since 1930, the fashionable girl swimsuit published by Western fashion paintings has a belt on the swimsuit. The style of this swimsuit is characterized by a conjoined type, the same color, or different colors. The waist nails have trousers, and the belt is wearing it. From 1930 to 1932, the swimsuit was mostly different. The color of the belt was generally different from the swimsuit. The bandwidth was about 3 to 4 cm. It had buckles and materials was metal, plastic, etc., and also weaved the decorative belt with the same material. After 1933, the belt style is changeable. Sometimes it is just a tie, a tie tie tie after a week or two weeks.
There are striped patterns as popular as the belt. The most common is the woven and wide stripes of the top of the top, with a belt. This style was widely popular in the early 1930s. The design of the stripes is diverse, vertical stripes, oblique stripes, wave -type stripes, etc., or located on the vest, or at the hem of the skirt, or the waist, or the whole body, the thick and thin interval changes. In addition to stripes, geometric or blocking patterns are also very popular.
In 1934, the split -style swimsuit of the upper and lower body came out, and the following year began to appear in China the following year. Yang Xiuqiong, who won the 100 -meter freestyle champion of the Far East Games 100m free swimming champion and broke the Far East record, wore a set of swimsuit with a break -up and lower body when taking pictures of “Liangyou” magazine. During this period, swimwear materials also made a lot of breakthroughs. When designing and making a swimsuit, American nylon clothing producer Jantzen abandoned cotton hair materials and artificial fibers that had no elasticity and water absorption in the past, and changed the nylon fabrics with high elasticity, high air transparency, low water absorption, so that the swimsuit was made More personal and more convenient to exercise. The nylon swimsuit is very popular as soon as it appears.
3 Bikini of “Like an atomic Bomb”
In the mid -1940s, the just -ended World War was in a dilemma of material deficiency. Almost overnight, the luxurious wind of the Western fashion circle completely disappeared, and replaced it with the worship of simplicity and practicality. At the same time, women’s status has been greatly improved during World War II, and women’s liberation movements around the world are surging. Under the common effect of various factors, in 1946, the bikini swimsuit, which seemed to be shocking at the time.
Bikini was originally a place name. It was an unmanned coral island located in the Marshall of the Pacific. Since 1946, the United States has conducted nuclear tests on Bikini Island of “hosted”. On June 30, an unprecedented atomic bomb detonated on the island and shocked the world. In July of the same year, a French -dynamic French -dynamic Louis Real designed a women’s swimsuit consisting of three cloths and four bands. This kind of swimsuit with the smallest body area in the world is simple and small and exquisite. If you put on it, most of the body will be exposed. Lei Allegores that the invention of this type of swimsuit is a challenge to traditional concepts. The shock to the world is no less than the newly exploded atomic bomb. Therefore, the “bikini” of the explosion of the atomic bomb is named this swimsuit. At the swimwear conference held in Santorippe’s seaside, the bikini swimsuit appeared in the public upset. For a long time when it came out, the Mediterranean countries such as Italy, Spain and other Mediterranean countries clearly banned wearing. The Vatican believes that wearing bikinis is guilty. The United States is not allowed to wear bikini on public beaches. In the first Miss World Competition in London in 1951, the organizing committee banned contestants from wearing bikinis. It was not until the late 1950s that Hollywood began to accept bikinis. Marilyn Monroe’s artistic photos of Bikini appeared in various fashion magazines, and people began to look at this sexy swimsuit.
In fact, until the 1990s, many countries still refused to accept bikinis. Later, the female athletes on the beach volleyball found that wearing bikinis are more comfortable, because if wearing ordinary loose jerseys, it is easy to make sands in the clothes when exercising violently on the beach, and it is much better to wear tight bikinis. As a result, bikini became the official game of the beach volleyball, which also appeared more in the public vision.
According to contemporary scholars, on the 4th century AD, the Casar Roman mural in the Sicily region in Italy, an ancient Roman female athletes holding iron cakes or dumbbells wearing a bikini -like image.
4 “Shark Skin”
From the 1960s to the beginning of this century, the world’s clothing industry was unprecedentedly prosperous. New materials and new production technologies have emerged endlessly, and competition -type swimsuits specially used for competitions have begun to appear. The blue swimming pool has become a competition for scientific and technological forces in various countries.
In the early 1960s, DuPont began to produce a vertical fiber called Rica. It can greatly improve the elasticity and extension of the fabric, with a degree of extension of 500%, but after replying, it can be closely attached to the surface of the human body, and the restraint for the human body is very small. After Laika fiber was put into the market, the swimsuit industry quickly saw its potential. It combined with the new printing and dyeing technology, making the simplest swimsuit with the simplest color and printing.
Since the 1980s, competitive sports have developed rapidly, and professional swimmers have become more and more urgent for competition swimsuit. At the Los Angeles Olympic Games in 1984, the shoulder straps and crotch cutting of the swimsuit have improved, and the performance has further improved. At the Seoul Olympic Games in 1988, a US company launched a “Hercules” swimsuit containing polyurethane fibers and ultra -fine nylon fibers to help American players brave gold medals at this Olympic Games.
In the 1990s, the swimsuit entered a new and rapid development period in both texture materials and design and production concepts. Speedo, a Speedo company in Australia, was produced by polyester fibers and Lyca fiber for swimmers. The 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games and the 1996 Atlanta Olympic Games appeared. The S2000 swimsuit is said to reduce the resistance of water, which can speed up for about 1 second when 100 meters of free swimming. In October 1999, the International Swimming Federation officially allowed this swimsuit to participate and expressed support for the improvement of the improvement of the swimsuit.
In the 2000s of the Sydney Olympic Games, the real epoch -making swimwear- “Shark Skin”. “Shark Skin” was developed by Sugao Tao Company. The fiber used by the first generation of “shark skin” imitates the shark skin structure, which can guide the surrounding water flow and improve the speed of swimming. At the 2004 Athens Olympic Games, Sutaita launched the second -generation “shark skin”, and 47 players boarded the podium wearing this swimsuit. This swimsuit adds granular dots on the surface of the fabric to reduce water resistance by 30%. In 2007, the company developed a third -generation “shark skin” consisting of oxygen elastic gauze and special nylon gauze, and assisted swimmers in various countries to break the world records in one year. At the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, the fourth -generation “shark skin” helped the “Flying Fish” Phelps created a person’s achievement of 8 gold and breaking 3 world records.
However, in the 13th Swimming World Championships in 2009, the “Shark Skin” was out of date, and the limelight was completely known as a faster swimsuit. These high -tech swimsuits have made 43 world records continuously ancient, and the swimming World Championships have become crazy technology shows. But the continuous update of high -tech swimsuits has forgotten the essence of competition. After the 13th Swimming World Championships, the International Swimming Federation has decided to completely ban the synthesis of polyester synthetic swimsuits from January 1, 2010. The competition uniform must be the short swimsuit of “textiles”.
5 Fashion Casual Swimsuit
As more and more people are fascinated by swimming, many people use the swimming stars’ swimsuit style as a fashion standard. Since this century, the development of competition swimsuits has led to the diversification of Volkswagen Swimsuit. In particular, women’s pursuit of beauty has promoted the development of novel, beautiful, and diverse swimsuits to meet the needs of consumers at different ages, different consumer groups, and different income classes.
A popular casual swimsuit must be convenient to move underwater, but also have fast -drying functions after going ashore, so that swimmers can continue to change the next activity without having to rush to change the swimwear. As a result, a skirt swimsuit is welcomed by many women. It has evolved from a single function and fixed -point wear to multifunctional, multi -venue. As long as the ladies need to wear a simple dress, they can wear a swimsuit to the resort to make a hot spring or go to the beach to take a walk. The derived of skirts and tennis skirt swimsuits are also very popular.
Because the swimsuit is smaller than the daily clothing area and abandon excess decoration, the style is simple, so the color and pattern are very important. In order to cooperate with the enthusiasm of summer, the patterns of the swimsuit are mostly ocean, plants, animals, flowers, such as clouds, mulberry, sun flowers, coconut trees, tropical fish, etc. are common on swimsuits. The patterns, ripple dots, leopard patterns, jets and other patterns are always the darlings of the swimsuit and fashion industry. The color of the swimsuit, regardless of men, women, and children, mostly colorful and gorgeous, showing summer dynamics.
Today, people wear casual swimwear as well as wearing fashion. The change of the swimsuit allows more people to enjoy the cool sun and the coolness of the water, embrace the beauty of nature and health. (Source: Beijing Daily Author: Zhang Pinqiu)
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