On August 20, the villagers in Ayagmann, Takzak Town, Shufu County were carrying flowers. The county establishes a flower -breeding base to guide farmers to plant flowers. Hundreds of people in Ayagmann Village alone can achieve poverty alleviation and income through planting flowers. Reporter Joatkl Nichadi Photo
On August 20, the 8th Xinjiang Miao and Wood Flower Expo (hereinafter referred to as the “Miao Fair”) opened. Since the beginning of the 1980s, the seedlings and flower markets in Xinjiang have gone for nearly 40 years, and have traveled a development path with a rising and rising spiral.
Changji built the largest production base in the northwest
Since Niu Guoming has planted elm and poplars on his 3 acres in his own 3 acres, the Niu family has been working in the seedling industry for nearly 40 years. In 2002, Niu Station Jiang took over his father’s career and established a professional cooperative of farmers in Tianfu seedlings in Hutubi County in 2010. At present, the cooperative has 150 members, planting 60 varieties such as white wax, welcome pine, ginkgo, summer rubber, begonia, and yellow clove.
From childhood to large, from single -alone to the growth of the group, Xinjiang Miao Nong has basically experienced this process.
In 2012, the national seedlings market in Hutubi, Xinjiang, was officially unveiled. This is also the only national seedling trading market in Northwest China. In the same year, the first Xinjiang Seedling Flower Expo was successfully held. Hutubi established the status of Xinjiang seedlings and flower industry centers. First, the development of the seedling flower industry in the surrounding areas and Changji Hui Autonomous Prefecture.
The relevant data of this year’s Miao Expo show that the traditional seedling flower industry in Changji Prefecture is moving towards the integration of the entire industry chain. At present, the state seedlings and flowers are 293,000 mu, with a total of 1.19 billion seedlings; the total output value of seedlings and flowers in 2018 reached 2.5 billion yuan. Changji Prefecture has become the largest seedling flower production base and distribution center in the northwest.
According to the director of the Forestry and Grassland Bureau of the Autonomous Region, the director of the grassland bureau said that as of now, the nursery in the region has reached 5011, the actual seedling area is 462,000 mu, the total output of seedlings is 1.69 billion, and the annual output value of seedlings has reached 5.79 billion yuan.
However, this huge output value does not definitely have good income. In fact, the development of the seedlings in our district, especially the development of the seedling industry, has experienced the ups and downs of roller coasters in the past seven or eight years, and employees have also had a clearer understanding of the development of the industry.
Follow the wind planting facing elimination
One of the important reasons why Niu Station Jiang’s career stands down is that when many people have poured in in the past few years, he kept calm and made a clear judgment early. “Seedlings are gradually heating up, and growers in various places have begun to expand the planting scale, but the variety is relatively single. The result of the pursuit of quantity is to cause low -level disorderly competition. At that time, we planted three or four thousand seedlings in one acre of land.” Niu Station Jiang said, “But now, we only plant only 73 fine seedlings in each acre of land.”
From the perspective of Fan Xiaofeng, chairman of the Xinjiang Hutubi National Seedling Market Co., Ltd. and Chairman of Changji Prefecture Seedlings and Flower Industry Alliance, the shortcomings of Xinjiang seedlings have obvious characteristics. “Low -end homogeneity, low quality rate, low product standardization, low marketing system, and low level of social services.” Fan Xiaofeng said, “The most critical of them is the problem of product standardization.”
“It is also a seedlings that have been planted for 7 years. Each acre of land can sell 1,000 yuan, but Li Si can only sell 200 yuan. Why?” Fan Xiaofeng said, “In Xinjiang, there is no authoritative standard in this industry, which means It cannot be produced on a large scale, without orders, the degree of risk control is low, which will inevitably affect the operation. “
This disadvantage quickly appeared. Fan Xiaofeng said that in the past few years, the popularity of the seedlings market was very state. With the return of the market rationally, many seedlings that had no technical content and followed the trend were facing the fate of being eliminated.
On the other hand, Zhang Guoqing, deputy secretary -general of Urumqi Seedling Association, revealed the situation of the industrial layout with data. “The development of the seedlings in our district is very unbalanced. In the active area, the number of nursery accounts for more than 69%of the number of nursery in Xinjiang. The distribution of various types of nursery is relatively concentrated. The varieties of seedlings are diverse. The concepts and planting models of planting are relatively advanced, forming a sharp contrast to other regions. “
Zhang Guoqing believes that although Xinjiang seedlings have a large planting amount, the planting structure is unreasonable. The phenomenon of chasing and falling like the stock market is quite serious. In the meantime, there are still fewer qualified engineering seedlings, and large -scale high -quality engineering seedlings are short. Therefore, supply -side structural reforms have become the only way for Xinjiang’s seedling and flower industry to break through.
Explore the road of professionalization and standardization development
At this Miao Expo, flowers, landscapes, and ecology are used to make a beautiful landscape. Yu Xingwei, deputy general manager of Xinjiang Western Grass Industry Ecological Development Co., Ltd., tirelessly introduced many “strange grass” of the company’s production and operation to visitors. Yu Xingwei pointed at one of them and said: “This grass is called blue ice wheat, which is high -quality pastoral grass, which is not only tolerant to salt and alkali, but also can grow with little nutrients. According to the needs of the desertification governance in Xinjiang, we specialize in the fact that it is easy to survive and maintain Low -cost grass species, at present, there are more than 40 such products. “
“At the time of the fierce competition between the seedlings and the flower industry, in addition to the upgrade of the original flower industry, the company focuses on entering the ecological restoration industry.” Yu Xingwei said.
Zheng Xingguo, chairman of Xinjiang Bolin Technology Development Co., Ltd., took his own team to collect tree species, establish a germ resource library, and then select new varieties in the experimental station.
Zheng Xingguo said: “I have been doing it for decades, and I have selected five or six varieties, but they are very suitable for growing under the natural conditions of Xinjiang.”
The accumulation of many years has made Zheng Xingguo and his company have an advantage that it is difficult to reach. Under the circumstance where the price of seedlings is generally low this year, the company’s seedlings have not risen. Zheng Xingguo said: “Last year we sold tens of millions of yuan.”
The large seedlings represented by Niu Station River continue to explore the standardized production model. “Adopt standardized planting, we have cultivated through order formula. Since 2014, the cooperatives have solved the problem of shortage of funds in the process of expanding the scale of development in the process of expanding the scale of development, so as to introduce domestication, new technology promotion, forestry machinery use, etc. There are a lot of improvement. “
“We established the Changji Seedling Flower Industry Alliance last year. On the basis of the alliance industry specifications and the continuous improvement of the system, they obtained the green financial credit of 1.2 billion yuan in Changji National Village Bank. A solid step. “Fan Xiaofeng said,” The road is still long, but the direction is right, step by step, the seedling flower industry in Xinjiang is expected in the future. “
Today, Xinjiang has taken the lead in establishing a good species subsidy system nationwide. The use rate of new afforestation varieties has reached 88.6%. Performed experience.
The construction of the “Belt and Road” also brings opportunities for the development of the seedling flower industry in Xinjiang. In Dawei Town, Jimusar County, Xinjiang Longteng Tiandu Agricultural Technology Co., Ltd. adopted the operating model of “Company+Cooperative+Base+Farmers”, and built 110 sheds, integrating and renting more than 500 sunlight greenhouse greenhouse around the town in the town. The annual output of 10 million flowers such as Phalaenopsis, rose, perfume lily, azalea, lotus beads, etc., not only supplies the local market of Xinjiang, but also exported to Central Asian countries such as Kazakhstan.
“Based on Xinjiang, northwest, and radiating, this is the positioning of the development of Xinjiang’s seedling and flower industry.” Hu Yin, director of the State Forestry Forest Farm and Seedling Management Office of the Forestry and Grassland Bureau of the Autonomous Region. (Reporter Liu Donglai)